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Personal Injury & Wrongful Death Terms

Jackson Injury Firm  > Resources > Glossary

Jackson Injury Firm Glossary

At Jackson Injury Firm we understand that navigating the maze of personal injury and wrongful death legal jargon can be daunting. Our glossary simplifies the language, making it more accessible for those in need of clear explanations, confidence, and a better understanding. Every term is explained in clear, easy-to-understand language, ensuring you feel confident and well-informed as you navigate your potential claims and case.

Remember, laws and legal terminology can be intricate. Always consult with an attorney to ensure you have a clear understanding of not just terminology but also the full context of the statutes and laws at the state and federal levels and how they apply to your specific situation.

Accident Report is an official record typically made by law enforcement detailing an incident or accident.

In Georgia, an Accident Report is an official document detailing the events, parties, witness statements, investigative findings, and conditions of a car, truck, pedestrian, or any other type of accident or incident. Understanding the difference between accidents on public roads and those on private properties like parking lots or driveways is essential. Public road accidents often entail a detailed report from the responding and investigating police department or law enforcement agency, whereas private property incidents might not, potentially complicating matters for claimants. In such cases, they might need to file a DOAS Motor Vehicle Accident-Self Report Form.

Regardless of the accident or incident’s location, these reports are crucial for subsequent personal injury or wrongful death claims. Confused about accident or incident reports, or concerned about an occurrence on private property? At Jackson Injury Firm, we’re experts in interpreting, reviewing, and utilizing these reports for our clients’ benefit, ensuring they get the justice they’re entitled to.

Administrator of Estate is an individual appointed to manage and settle an estate’s affairs when someone passes away without a will in Georgia.

In Georgia, when someone passes away without a will, the probate court appoints an Administrator of the Estate. This individual is tasked with managing the deceased’s assets and liabilities and distributing the remaining assets, as no will exists to provide direction. For wrongful death claims, the Administrator may play a crucial role, possibly initiating a claim or lawsuit on the deceased’s behalf.

Navigating estate administration complexities related to a potential wrongful death or estate-based claim? Jackson Injury Firm has the experience needed to successfully help individuals become administrators of the estate of their loved ones and will support them in wrongful death and estate claims to ensure they obtain the compensation and justice they deserve.

Affidavit is a written sworn statement of fact(s)..

An Affidavit is a signed written statement made under oath, often serving as evidence or testimony in personal injury or wrongful death claims or lawsuits. Whether from eyewitnesses, claimants, involved parties, or investigative or medical professionals, affidavits can significantly strengthen a claim by providing facts or expert testimony. 

Gathering evidence to win your personal injury or wrongful death claim? Let Jackson Injury Firm guide you and lead the way in investigating and obtaining crucial information and evidence to win your case.

Ante Litem Notice is a prerequisite notice before filing a claim or lawsuit against a governmental entity in Georgia.

A required notice to bring claims against a governmental entity in Georgia. In Georgia, before you can sue a City or County or the State of Georgia for personal injury or wrongful death claims related to the negligence of an employee, department, or entity associated with a City, County, or the State of Georgia, you must send them an Ante Litem Notice – a preliminary notification detailing the claim specifics. It’s vital to adhere to Georgia’s specific requirements, such as the 6-month deadline for Ante Litem notices for claims against Cities and the 12-month notice deadline for claims against a County or the State of Georgia. Furthermore, these notices must be detailed and require precision to handle properly in order to meet the necessary requirements to preserve your claims. If you miss the deadline and fail to properly file a detailed Ante Litem notice, then your claims may be barred. 

Unsure whether Ante Litem notice requirements and procedures apply to your situation? Reach out to Jackson Injury Firm. We have the expertise to navigate the Ante Litem Notice intricacies.

Assumption of Risk is the legal principle suggesting that a person voluntarily exposed to a known danger assumes the risk associated with that activity.

This is a legal defense in which defendants argue that claimants or plaintiffs who voluntarily expose themselves to a known hazard or danger cannot sue for and recover for any resulting injuries or damages. 

Been told you assumed risk? In Georgia, even if you partly or partially assumed a risk, you might still have grounds for bringing a claim and can still succeed in recovering damages and obtaining justice, depending on the circumstances.

Have you been told you assumed a risk? Reach out to learn more, as Jackson Injury Firm can help determine if you still have a valid personal injury or wrongful death claim.

Bad Faith Claims Adjusting is unethical or dishonest strategies insurance companies use to deny or undervalue a claim.

In Georgia, insurance companies owe a duty to handle and process insurance claims with good faith and fairness. Bad faith claims adjusting refers to unethical or dishonest practices by insurance companies in an attempt to avoid paying a claim or offering a significantly lower settlement than what is just. This could involve denying a claim without a valid reason, unnecessary delays in claim processing, or not conducting a proper investigation. If you suspect you’re a victim of bad faith by an insurance company, Georgia law may allow you to file a lawsuit for additional damages.

Facing challenges with your insurance claim? Jackson Injury Firm has a history of taking on insurance giants, ensuring our clients get what they rightfully deserve.

Bench Trail is a trial conducted without a jury where a judge decides the verdict.

Unlike a jury trial, a bench trial in Georgia is one where a judge, not a jury, decides both questions of law and fact. While jury trials often involve peers determining a case’s outcome, bench trials are typically faster and are decided based on the judge’s understanding and interpretation of the law.

Considering the pros and cons of a bench trial for your personal injury or wrongful death case? Let Jackson Injury Firm guide you to the best choice tailored to your unique circumstances.

Bicycle Accident is incidents involving a bicycle and its rider, typically with other vehicles or obstacles.

Georgia’s bustling cities and beautiful landscapes make it a popular place for cyclists. Unfortunately, this also leads to bicycle accidents, often resulting from driver negligence, poor road conditions, or visibility issues. Bicycle accident victims can suffer significant injuries and may be entitled to compensation from the at-fault party.

Been in a bicycle accident in Georgia? Jackson Injury Firm specializes in representing cyclists, ensuring they get the justice and compensation they deserve.

 

Boat Accident is an incident involving watercraft.

Georgia’s lakes and coastal areas are hotspots for boating activities. However, negligence, negligent or reckless vessel operation, intoxication (BUI – Boating Under the Influence), negligent maintenance, and equipment malfunctions can all lead to boat accidents. In Georgia, boat operators have a duty to operate their vessels safely. When they fail to do so and cause injuries, victims may be entitled to compensation.

Involved in a boating accident on Georgia’s waters? Jackson Injury Firm is adept at navigating marine laws and can help steer your claim to a successful resolution.

Bodily Injury is physical damage suffered by an individual.

Within the context of personal injury law in Georgia, ‘bodily injury’ refers to physical harm or injury sustained by a person due to someone else’s negligence or intentional act. This can range from bruises and fractures to more severe conditions like traumatic brain injuries or spinal cord damage. Compensation for bodily injury often covers medical expenses, lost wages, pain and suffering, and more.

If you or a loved one has suffered a bodily injury due to someone else’s actions in Georgia, Jackson Injury Firm is here to provide expert legal counsel and seek the compensation you rightfully deserve.

Breach of Duty is Failure to fulfill an expected duty or responsibility.

In personal injury law, everyone has a duty to act in a way that doesn’t harm others. A breach of duty occurs when someone fails in this responsibility, leading to another person’s injury. For a successful personal injury claim in Georgia, one must prove that a duty existed, it was breached, and this breach directly caused the injury or damages.

Believe someone’s negligence caused your injury or damages? Jackson Injury Firm is dedicated to holding individuals or entities accountable for their breaches of duty in Georgia.

Burden of Proof is the obligation to present evidence to support one’s claim.

In Georgia’s civil litigation, the burden of proof refers to the obligation of a party to prove their claim or defense. In personal injury or wrongful death cases, the plaintiff typically carries the burden to prove by a “preponderance of the evidence” that the defendant’s negligence caused their injury or loss. This means that the evidence presented by the claimant or plaintiff must show that their claims are more likely true than not. Unlike the “beyond a reasonable doubt” standard used in criminal cases that most people are familiar with, the “preponderance of the evidence” burden of proof in civil cases is a lesser standard, only requiring a claimant or Plaintiff to prove that it’s more likely than not that the defendant’s negligence resulted in their injury or loss.

Faced with the challenge of meeting the burden of proof in your claim? Trust in Jackson Injury Firm’s experience and dedication to build a solid case on your behalf.

Car Accidents is collisions involving one or more automobiles including cars and/or non-commercial trucks.

Unplanned incidents involving impacts to one or more vehicles on the roadway.

Georgia is crisscrossed with busy highways, making car accidents unfortunately common. Whether caused by distracted driving, DUI, or poor weather conditions, the aftermath can be overwhelming. In Georgia, an at-fault system is used, meaning the negligent driver’s insurance should cover damages. However, recovering full compensation can be complex.

Involved in a car accident? Jackson Injury Firm understands Georgia’s traffic laws inside-out and can champion your right to a fair recovery.

Civil Law Claim is legal claim made in civil court for damages or restitution.

A non-criminal lawsuit brought to seek compensation for damages or to enforce rights.

In Georgia, many personal injuries result in civil law claims rather than criminal proceedings. These claims can cover anything from medical bills to pain and suffering.

Considering a civil law claim in Georgia? Let Jackson Injury Firm guide you through the complexities of the state’s civil justice system.

Civil Law Lawsuit is a legal action between parties to determine rights relating to non-criminal matters.

A legal action taken by an individual or entity seeking reparations for a wrong done to them.

Unlike criminal cases which seek to punish, civil law lawsuits in Georgia aim to compensate victims for losses, ensuring they aren’t burdened by someone else’s negligence.

Faced with potential legal action? Jackson Injury Firm can expertly navigate your civil lawsuit from initiation to resolution.

Claim is a formal request to an insurance company for coverage or compensation.

A formal request to an insurance company for coverage or compensation for a covered loss or policy event.

In the aftermath of an injury in Georgia, a claim can be your pathway to financial recovery. But, dealing with insurance companies can be daunting, with many looking to minimize payouts.

Need to file a claim? Trust Jackson Injury Firm to handle insurance adjusters and secure the best possible outcome.

Claimant is an individual who makes a claim.

A person making a claim, especially in the context of personal injury or wrongful death.

In Georgia, claimants seek compensation for losses or injuries due to another party’s negligence. Navigating the process can be challenging, especially when emotions run high.

If you’re a claimant, rely on Jackson Injury Firm’s seasoned expertise to represent your interests with vigor and dedication.

Collateral Sources – Georgia’s Collateral Source Rule: In Georgia, the rule that a defendant cannot benefit from the plaintiff receiving compensation from another source, like insurance.

This rule in Georgia ensures that a defendant cannot benefit from the injured party receiving compensation from sources other than the defendant, like insurance. Essentially, it bars the defendant from introducing evidence that the plaintiff has already received compensation for the injury from a source other than the defendant, such as health insurance, workers’ compensation benefits, and/or medical payments or personal injury protection payments.

Confused about the Collateral Source Rule? Jackson Injury Firm is well-versed in Georgia’s statutes and can ensure all compensation avenues are explored

Commercial Truck – 18 Wheeler Accident is an incident involving a truck or large vehicle. 

Georgia sees a significant number of truck accidents due to its major highways. These accidents often involve more severe injuries and complex litigation due to regulations and involved parties.

Involved in a truck accident in Georgia? Jackson Injury Firm has the expertise to navigate the complexities and get you the compensation you need.

Compensation is a payment awarded to someone in recognition of loss, suffering, or injury.

The money awarded to an individual in recognition of loss, suffering, or injury.

Georgia’s laws aim to ensure victims of personal injury or wrongful death are made whole, financially speaking. This compensation can cover medical bills, lost wages, pain and suffering, and more.

Seeking rightful compensation? Jackson Injury Firm prides itself on maximizing recoveries for clients.

Compensatory Damages is monetary compensation awarded to cover the actual losses suffered.

A monetary award in a lawsuit compensating for actual economic losses, pain, suffering, or injury. In Georgia, these are designed to restore the injured party to their pre-injury state, covering tangible losses and intangible harms.

Pursuing compensatory damages? Partner with Jackson Injury Firm to ensure you get the full compensation you deserve.

Consequential Damages is damages that result not from the wrongful act but from the consequences of the act.

These are damages that do not directly and immediately result from the wrongful act, but are a consequence or result of the primary damage. For instance, if a person is injured in a car accident, the immediate damages might be medical expenses. However, if they lose their job because they were unable to work due to the injuries, those lost wages would be consequential damages. In Georgia, consequential damages must be foreseeable and directly traceable to the wrongful act to be recoverable.

Wondering if you’re entitled to consequential damages from an injury or incident? At Jackson Injury Firm, we dig deep to identify every potential avenue of compensation for our clients.

Contingency Fee is a legal fee that is contingent on the lawyer actually obtaining compensation for the client.

This is a payment arrangement between an attorney and client where the attorney’s fees are contingent upon the outcome of the case. In essence, the lawyer gets paid only if the client wins or settles their case. Typically, the fee is a percentage of the total recovery. This arrangement makes it possible for individuals to pursue justice without upfront costs. In Georgia, contingency fee agreements are in writing and detail how the attorneys’ fees are calculated.

Worried about affording a lawyer? At Jackson Injury Firm, our contingency fee structure ensures that you don’t pay unless we win. Reach out to learn more.

Damages is monetary compensation awarded by a court in response to loss or injury.

A monetary compensation awarded to an injured party due to the actions or negligence of another. In Georgia, damages can be compensatory, meant to make the injured party whole, or punitive, intended to punish and deter especially reckless behavior.

What are the potential damages in your case? Jackson Injury Firm will diligently work to calculate and pursue the full extent of what’s owed to you.

Deposition is a witness’s sworn out-of-court testimony used to gather information as part of the discovery process.

A formal, sworn statement usually taken away from a Courthouse where witnesses answer questions under oath typically used in the discovery phase of a lawsuit. This process allows both sides to gather information in preparation for a potential trial in Georgia courts.

Preparing for a deposition or need to depose a witness? Jackson Injury Firm has vast experience in handling depositions, ensuring every word supports your case.



Diminished Value refers to the reduced market value of a vehicle after it has been repaired following an accident. Even when a damaged vehicle is repaired to its best possible condition, it will not have the same market value as it would if it had never been involved in a collision. In Georgia, individuals can make a diminished value claim against the at-fault party’s insurance to recover the difference between a car’s pre-accident value and its post-repair value. To successfully claim diminished value, an assessment by an expert, often an auto appraiser, may be necessary to provide a quantified value of the loss.

Believe your property suffered diminished value after an accident? Contact Jackson Injury Firm for an accurate assessment of your next best steps.

Divorce and Personal Injury Claims is how divorce proceedings might affect a personal injury claim.

In Georgia, if one spouse has a personal injury claim during a divorce, the settlement could be considered marital property. It’s crucial to understand how the division of assets works, especially when large settlements are involved.

Navigating a personal injury claim amidst a divorce? The Jackson Injury Firm can guide you, ensuring personal injury compensations are properly addressed in divorce proceedings.

 

Divorce and Wrongful Death Claims is how divorce affects claims related to wrongful death.

In the tragic event of a wrongful death, if the surviving spouse is in the midst of a divorce or later files for one, Georgia law has specific provisions on how potential settlements are handled.

In the complex intersection of divorce and wrongful death claims, Jackson Injury Firm provides the expertise to safeguard your rights and interests

Duty – Duty of Care is an obligation to adhere to a standard of reasonable care in one’s actions.

Refers to the obligation one person has to avoid causing harm to another. In Georgia, the level of duty varies based on the relationship between the parties (e.g., business owners have a duty to ensure their premises are safe for customers, and drivers have a duty to follow laws and regulations and rules of the road to avoid causing harm to people or property).

Do you believe that someone breached their duty of care towards you and caused harm? Jackson Injury Firm can help establish these crucial elements in your personal injury or wrongful death claims.

Estate is all the financial assets and property owned by a particular person, especially at death.

When an individual passes away, their estate encompasses all assets, liabilities, and legal matters left behind. In Georgia, the distinction between wrongful death claims and estate-based claims is pivotal. Wrongful death claims seek compensation for the full value of the life of the deceased, while estate-based claims look to recover for medical bills, funeral expenses, and conscious pain and suffering experienced before death.

In Georgia, the estate is often critical in personal injury and wrongful death-related claims, called Estate Claims, as it’s the entity that often brings forth the Estate-based claims. 

Have questions regarding how an estate plays a role in the nuances between wrongful death and estate-based claims in Georgia? Jackson Injury Firm has both the compassion and expertise to guide you through this challenging process and will pursue all possible claims in order to obtain justice for your lost loved one.

Evidence is information or objects used in the legal system to prove or disprove a fact.

Proof or testimonial support for a claim or defense in a lawsuit. In personal injury or wrongful death cases, evidence can range from accident reports, incident reports, arrest reports, body cam footage, dash cam footage, witness statements, photos of the accident scene, expert testimonies, medical records, medical bills, and proof of lost wages and earnings. In Georgia, only admissible evidence can be presented to the Jury or Court.

Collecting evidence can be overwhelming, especially after a traumatic event. Jackson Injury Firm is here to shoulder that burden and gather the necessary evidence to build a robust case for you.

Expert Witness is a professional with specialized knowledge who testifies in court, often to provide clarity on technical issues and to prove liability and damages.

A person with specialized skills, training, or knowledge in a particular subject who is allowed by the Court to provide an expert opinion in a case, such as who caused the accident or incident and the extent of the damages incurred by the claimant or Plaintiff. In personal injury or wrongful death claims in Georgia, this could be a medical doctor explaining the extent of injuries, an economist detailing lost wages or a loss of capacity to earn or the economic losses associated with a wrongful death claim, or an accident reconstruction expert determining who caused or contributed to the cause of an accident. 

In Georgia, an expert can play a crucial role even before a lawsuit, offering vital insights that can help settle claims sometimes without the need for a lawsuit and often without the need for a trial. The right expert can be invaluable but often comes at a significant cost.

Jackson Injury Firm understands this, sparing no expense to collaborate with the best experts, ensuring the highest chance of success for your claim. From pre-lawsuit settlements to intense courtroom battles, our firm’s commitment to securing top-tier case-winning experts remains unwavering. The right expert can make or break your case. Trust in Jackson Injury Firm to identify and work with top-tier experts to underscore the validity of your claim.

Expert Report and Testimony is the evidence provided in court by an expert witness or expert witnesses.

Georgia personal injury and wrongful death claims often hinge on intricate details, making the reports and testimonies of experts invaluable tools in a litigator’s arsenal. An expert report is a detailed analysis crafted by specialists in specific domains relevant to a case. These reports can illuminate and cut through the perceived complexities of a claim, potentially fostering a favorable resolution for a claimant even before a lawsuit is filed. When negotiations stall or are insufficient, the progression to filing a lawsuit and pushing toward trial often necessitates expert testimony. This is the evidence given by an expert witness during a trial. In Georgia, for testimony to be considered “expert,” the witness must be qualified in their specific field, and their insights must be relevant to assist the judge or jury in understanding the evidence or determining a fact. This evidence, presented in Court by the expert witness, then becomes a pivotal component of a case-winning strategy and the legal process in general. 

Georgia abides by the Daubert standard, a departure from the older Frye standard still used in some other states. The Daubert standard, articulated in the Daubert Trilogy, mandates the Judge as the gatekeeper for admitting expert testimony. It emphasizes the tenets of relevancy and reliability. For scientific testimony to be admitted, it must be based on the scientific method or a rigorous methodology. To determine the admissibility of such testimony, several criteria are assessed:

  • Is the theory or technique generally accepted within the pertinent scientific community?
  • Has it been peer-reviewed and published?
  • Is it testable, and has it been tested?
  • Does it have a known or potential error rate?
  • Was the research underlying the testimony conducted independently or specifically for litigation purposes?

In addition to these federal guidelines found in 28 USC App Fed R Evid Rule 702: Testimony by Experts, Georgia’s statute OCGA § 24-7-702 mirrors said Federal Rule 702 and delineates the conditions and criteria for admitting expert testimonies and reports in Georgia’s State and Superior Courts as well.

Facing challenges with a complex case or unsure if an expert’s opinion might be necessary to win your claim or lawsuit? Trust Jackson Injury Firm. We adeptly navigate the intricate waters of retaining credible experts who easily pass the Daubert standard, Rule 702, and OCGA § 24-7-702, ensuring your claim is anchored by solid, admissible insights of the best experts.

Jackson Injury Firm leverages expert testimony effectively, ensuring that your case is presented with the utmost clarity, credibility, and strength.

Family Immunity is legal doctrine that potentially prevents family members from suing each other.

In the context of personal injury laws in Georgia, “Family Immunity” refers to a legal doctrine that historically prevented family members from suing each other for personal injuries. This principle was rooted in the idea of preserving familial harmony and preventing fraudulent or collusive lawsuits between family members.

In Georgia, like many other states, the tide has shifted away from the blanket application of this doctrine. While some forms of family immunity still exist, it has been significantly limited, especially when considering injuries stemming from motor vehicle accidents. For instance, a child can bring a claim against a parent in Georgia if the parent’s negligence in a car accident caused the child’s injuries. 

However, nuances remain. There are certain situations, especially those outside of the motor vehicle context, where family immunity may still be argued. It’s essential to be informed about the specific circumstances where this immunity applies and where it doesn’t.

If you or a loved one has been injured due to a family member’s negligence in Georgia and are unsure about how family immunity might impact your potential claim, Jackson Injury Firm is here to guide you. Our dedicated team understands the intricacies of Georgia’s stance on family immunity and can evaluate the merits of your case accordingly, ensuring you’re positioned for the best possible outcome.

Fault is the responsibility for an accident or incident.

The responsibility or negligence that led to an accident or injury. In Georgia, a modified comparative negligence system is used. This means a claimant or Plaintiff can recover damages only if they are less than 50% at fault. If they are 50% or more at fault, they are barred from recovery. The amount of compensation for a claimant or Plaintiff is reduced by their actual percentage of fault in causing or contributing to the cause of the accident or incident.

Concerned about how the apportionment of fault might impact your personal injury claim? At Jackson Injury Firm, we meticulously assess all details to ensure that fault is appropriately attributed, maximizing your claim’s potential even if you may have partially contributed to the cause of the accident or incident.



Fiduciary Duty is a legal obligation to act in another’s best interest.

A legal obligation of one party to act in the best interest of another. In wrongful death or personal injury claims, certain parties, like guardians or estate administrators, may have a fiduciary duty to the victim or their beneficiaries.

Concerned about fulfilling your fiduciary responsibilities or feel someone has breached theirs? Reach out to Jackson Injury Firm for comprehensive guidance.

Future Medical Expenses is Costs or expenses that an injury victim is anticipated to incur for medical treatment after a personal injury claim has been settled or a verdict has been reached. This is a critical aspect of damage calculations.

For Georgia personal injury cases, “Future Medical Expenses” are costs anticipated to arise for claimants or Plaintiffs who have serious or permanent injuries that will require ongoing medical treatments for some period of time after a personal injury case concludes, whether through settlement or verdict. Such expenses are paramount for victims who may have long-term or permanent injuries that require persistent medical intervention for a specific anticipated period of time and sometimes for the rest of their lives.

Georgia law recognizes the profound impact of long-term or permanent injuries. Future medical expenses cover anticipated surgeries, therapies, medications, rehabilitation, and possibly specialized equipment that the claimant or Plaintiff might need.

To claim these costs in Georgia, several legal principles and rules apply:

 

  1. **Proving the Necessity**: It’s not enough to merely state potential costs. Claimants or Plaintiffs must demonstrate a reasonable probability that they will incur these expenses. This often involves presenting expert testimony, typically from doctors or medical professionals, who can attest to the necessity of future treatments.

 

  1. **Quantifying the Cost**: After establishing the need, the next step is to quantify the costs. This most often involves detailed estimates, narratives, and reports from medical providers and pricing experts. 

 

  1. **Presenting the Claim**: For out-of-court settlements, detailed medical projections can be part of the demand letter sent to the at-fault party or their insurance company. If the matter requires a lawsuit, we go into litigation and possibly even to trial, where the evidence for future medical expenses is presented to the jury as part of the damages portion of the trial.

 

  1. **Legal Scrutiny**: During a lawsuit, the opposing side has the right to challenge the validity of your claims. They may bring in their own experts to dispute the projected costs or the necessity of future treatments. This underscores the importance of being thorough and meticulous in documentation and expert collaboration.

To guarantee that these medical expenses are not overlooked and are effectively presented, it’s pivotal to engage a legal team with a deep understanding of Georgia’s requirements. Jackson Injury Firm is dedicated to meticulously examining and projecting these expenses, ensuring every potential medical cost is recognized, robustly demanded, and recovered on your behalf in light of Georgia’s specific legal nuances.

Accurately predicting future medical expenses is crucial for your claim’s success. Trust Jackson Injury Firm to ensure every foreseeable medical cost is accounted for, demanded, and pursued on your behalf.

General Damages is compensation for pain, suffering, and intangible losses.

In Georgia, personal injury claim’s damages are typically categorized into two main types: general and special. General damages, sometimes referred to as “non-economic damages,” encompass compensation for non-tangible losses. These might include pain and suffering, mental anguish, loss of companionship, and diminished quality of life. Unlike special damages, which can be easily quantified, general damages are subjective and often rely on the persuasive skills of your attorney in front of a jury or during settlement negotiations.

Understanding the full extent of your general damages is crucial. At Jackson Injury Firm, we’re skilled in drawing a vivid picture of these intangible losses to ensure you receive fair compensation.

Georgia Motor Carrier Act is legislation governing commercial motor vehicles and their operators in Georgia.

The Georgia Motor Carrier Act (GMCA) is a critical piece of legislation governing the operation of commercial vehicles, including trucks and buses, within the state of Georgia. It outlines the requirements and responsibilities for motor carriers, aiming to promote safety on Georgia’s roads and highways. This legislation sets forth regulations that motor carriers must adhere to, such as insurance requirements, vehicle inspection protocols, and criteria for driver qualifications. For those injured in accidents involving commercial vehicles, the GMCA can play a pivotal role in determining liability and ensuring compliance by the carrier. Violations of the GMCA can bolster a victim’s personal injury or wrongful death claim, as such infractions may serve as evidence of negligence.

If you or a loved one have been harmed in an accident involving a commercial vehicle in Georgia, understanding the implications of the Georgia Motor Carrier Act is vital. Jackson Injury Firm has expertise in unraveling the intricacies of the GMCA, ensuring carriers are held accountable for their responsibilities and providing robust representation to those affected by non-compliance.



Gross Negligence is an extreme carelessness showing willful disregard for safety.

While regular negligence revolves around a failure to exercise reasonable care, gross negligence in Georgia is defined as a lack of even slight care, signifying a reckless disregard for the safety or lives of others. Demonstrating gross negligence can sometimes result in punitive damages, aiming to penalize the wrongdoer and deter similar behavior in the future.

Victims of grossly negligent acts deserve fierce advocacy. At Jackson Injury Firm, we’re committed to holding those who act with extreme recklessness accountable for their actions.

Guardian Ad Litem is in certain legal situations, the Court may appoint a Guardian Ad Litem (GAL) to represent the best interests of a minor or an incapacitated adult. In Georgia personal injury and wrongful death cases, a GAL can be appointed if there’s a belief that the minor’s interests might be at odds with those of the parents or guardians, especially in the context of a pending settlement of a minor’s claim.

Facing a personal injury or wrongful death claim-related situation that currently involves or may require a Guardian Ad Litem? Jackson Injury Firm can guide you through the complexities, ensuring the best outcomes for our clients.



Harm is physical or mental injury or damage.

Harm is any injury or damage suffered by an individual as a result of another’s negligence, recklessness, or intentional act. In Georgia, harm can be categorized as physical (such as a broken bone or cut), emotional (like stress or anxiety), or financial (for instance, medical bills or loss of earnings). Demonstrating harm is a fundamental step in seeking compensation through personal injury claims.

Jackson Injury Firm is proficient at quantifying and articulating the harm clients endure, ensuring they get the reparations they rightly deserve.

Health Insurance is a policy covering medical expenses.

Health insurance is a type of coverage that pays for the insured’s medical expenses. In Georgia, like elsewhere, when a person incurs medical expenses due to an accident caused by another person or company (a third party), their health insurance may cover their medical bills initially. However, if the injured party receives compensation from a third party person or entity or their insurance company via a personal injury or wrongful death claim, the health insurance company may attempt to seek reimbursement (also known as subrogation) for all or some of the amounts paid towards the personal injury or wrongful death claim related medical care.

Understanding the interplay between health insurance payments, controlling state and federal laws concerning subrogation or reimbursement rights, and attempts by health insurers and personal injury compensation is essential to ensuring a maximized recovery for our clients. At Jackson Injury Firm, we adeptly navigate these intersections to ensure we always do our best to maximize our clients’ recoveries.

Health Insurance Subrogation and Erisa is the right of an insurer to recover costs from the party responsible for an injury.

Subrogation is the legal right that allows one party (typically an insurance company) to make a payment that is actually owed by another party and then collect that money from the party responsible for the debt. When it comes to health insurance, ERISA (Employee Retirement Income Security Act) plans, which are federally regulated, have strong subrogation rights. In Georgia, if your fully self-funded ERISA health plan pays for your medical bills stemming from an injury caused by another, they can claim a right to be reimbursed from any personal injury settlement or judgment you receive.

Handling ERISA subrogation claims can be intricate. Jackson Injury Firm has the experience to ensure that these claims are managed correctly, potentially reducing or eliminating your obligation to repay.

Hearsay is a testimony given by a witness about statements made by another person outside of court.

Hearsay is a legal term that refers to an out-of-court statement offered in court to prove the truth of the matter asserted. Georgia, like other states, has its own rules concerning the admissibility of hearsay evidence. Though hearsay is generally inadmissible due to concerns about its reliability, there are numerous exceptions to this general rule in Georgia’s Evidence Code. The nuances of these exceptions can dramatically influence the trajectory of a personal injury case.

If you’re concerned about what evidence will be admissible in your claim, Jackson Injury Firm stands ready to dissect and deploy the rules of evidence to bolster your case.

Hippa Authorization Release is the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) is a federal law that, among other things, protects the privacy of individuals’ health records. A HIPAA release is a document that an injured person can sign to allow insurance companies, attorneys, or other entities access to their medical records. In the context of personal injury claims in Georgia, a HIPAA release can be vital to validate the extent and nature of injuries claimed.

With Jackson Injury Firm by your side, you can rest assured that your privacy rights are upheld while ensuring the necessary medical records are accessible to substantiate your claims.

Hit and Run in Georgia is a criminal offense involving a driver who leaves the scene of an accident without stopping to render aid or provide identification. Victims of hit and runs can face unique challenges in identifying responsible parties and pursuing compensation. Thankfully, Georgia has systems in place, such as uninsured motorist coverage, which might assist victims in these trying circumstances.

If you’ve been the victim of a hit and run, Jackson Injury Firm possesses the investigative prowess and legal acumen to pursue all avenues of redress on your behalf.

Hospital Lien is a claim made by a hospital to recover the costs of care from a personal injury settlement.

In Georgia, when a patient receives treatment in a hospital for injuries caused by another’s negligence and doesn’t pay the hospital bill, the hospital, in certain circumstances, can file a lien against any subsequent personal injury recovery the patient receives. This lien ensures the hospital’s right to be paid from any settlement or judgment. Georgia’s Hospital Lien statute outlines specific requirements for creating and perfecting these liens.

Hospital liens can complicate the settlement process. Jackson Injury Firm is adept at navigating, negotiating, and even contesting these liens, aiming to enhance our client’s net recovery.

Impact Rule is a legal doctrine under Georgia law that generally requires some physical impact to have occurred in order for a claimant or Plaintiff to recover for emotional distress damages.

In Georgia, the impact rule states that in order to recover damages for emotional distress in negligence cases, a claimant or plaintiff must demonstrate some type of physical impact to themselves. However, there are certain exceptions and nuances to this rule, such as in the absence of direct physical contact, if there’s a near miss that causes a consequential physical injury (e.g., a person swerving to avoid a negligent driver and then crashing), emotional distress claims might still be pursued. Given the rule’s complexity, understanding its application in varying scenarios is crucial.

This makes it vital to consult with knowledgeable legal counsel when emotional distress is a primary aspect of a personal injury claim.

Jackson Injury Firm is familiar with the intricacies of Georgia’s impact rule and can advise you on its potential effects on your case.

Inadequate Security is when insufficient measures are taken by property owners to protect individuals from foreseeable harm, such as violent criminal activity.

Property owners in Georgia have a duty to take reasonable measures to ensure the safety of those on their premises. Failing to provide adequate security measures can make them liable for injuries or wrongful deaths resulting from foreseeable criminal activity.

Inadequate security claims, often referred to as “negligent security” claims, arise when someone is injured due to a third party’s criminal act on another’s property. Inadequate or negligent security claims address the responsibility of property owners and managers in Georgia to offer a reasonable level of security. When these property owners fail to take action and provide adequate security and a person suffers harm due to foreseeable criminal actions, they can be held accountable. 

If you’ve been harmed or lost a loved one due to inadequate security, Jackson Injury Firm can evaluate your case and determine the best path forward for compensation.

For instance, if a parking facility has a history of muggings or other violent crimes and provides no lighting, surveillance, or added security measures that have appropriate functionality, it might be deemed that the negligence on behalf of the property owner caused or contributed to the cause of the incident if someone is attacked and injuried or killed on the property.

Should you face harm under circumstances pointing to negligent security, the Jackson Injury Firm can build a robust case, leveraging past precedents and the property’s security history.

Injury is physical harm or damage to someone’s body.

An injury refers to harm or damage inflicted on a person’s body, mind, or emotions. In the context of personal injury law in Georgia, “injury” typically pertains to the harm one suffers due to another’s negligence or wrongful act. The degree and type of injury can significantly influence the compensation one might receive.

If you or a loved one has sustained an injury due to someone else’s actions or negligence, Jackson Injury Firm stands ready to champion your right to compensation and justice.

Insurance Adjuster is an insurance adjuster is employed by the insurance company to evaluate the damages related to an injury or property damage claim. Their role is supposed to be to adjust the claim in good faith, which means to investigate the incident, assess the damage, and determine the amount the insurance company should pay. However, it’s pivotal to remember that adjusters, while sometimes professional, have their employer’s interests at heart and not your best interests. They are trained to make assessments that minimize payouts, which is vital to a fair recovery for your claims. Understanding and accounting for their methods, questions, and the information they seek can significantly influence the claim’s outcome.

Jackson Injury Firm offers its clients insights into insurance companies’ adjuster’s strategies to ensure they’re adequately equipped to navigate the claims process. It’s crucial for injury victims in Georgia to remember that adjusters work for the insurance company, not for them.

If you’re dealing with an insurance adjuster, protect your interests by consulting with Jackson Injury Firm. We’ll ensure that your rights are upheld and that you receive a fair evaluation and settlement or will be in a position to push for a fair outcome through litigation.

Insurance Coverages is the protection provided under an insurance policy.

Insurance coverages refer to the protection offered under an insurance policy. Different types of coverages are available, such as bodily injury, property damage, uninsured motorist, underinsured motorist, umbrella, excess liability, personal liability, and more. 

In Georgia, motorists are required to have certain minimum coverages, such as bodily injury liability coverage and property damage liability coverage. However, there are many optional coverages like collision, comprehensive, uninsured /underinsured motorist coverage, and medical payments coverage. Each has its specifications, limitations, and inclusions. It’s imperative to understand which damages each coverage type can address, especially when multiple policies might be in play during a claim.

Understanding the specifics of these coverages, especially in relation to Georgia’s insurance requirements and laws, is essential when navigating a personal injury claim. Jackson Injury Firm can help you decode the complexities of insurance coverages, ensuring you’re adequately protected and compensated as we tap into every coverage and policy avenue available for your maximized recovery.

Insurance Policy is contract detailing the terms and conditions of insurance coverage.

At its core, an insurance policy is a binding contract. An insurance policy is a contract between the policyholder and the insurance company. It binds the insured to pay premiums so that the insurer will cover certain losses and damages in the event of an accident. But beneath this basic premise lies a world of clauses, exceptions, and conditions. In the realm of personal injury and wrongful death claims, specifics like coverage limits, exclusions, and the duty to defend or indemnify become paramount. Each policy has its declaration page, policy terms, endorsements, and sometimes riders – all of which can impact a claim.

Understanding policy terms is pivotal to ensure rightful compensation. For an all-encompassing view of how your policy speaks to your injury claim, turn to Jackson Injury Firm, where decoding policy language is a forte. For insights into the insurance policy of the at-fault party or even your own insurance policy and its implications for your claim, Jackson Injury Firm is at your service.

Intentional Tort is harmful actions done on purpose.

Unlike most personal injury claims, which are based on negligence, intentional torts arise when one person harms another deliberately. Examples include assault, battery, false imprisonment, and intentional infliction of emotional distress. In Georgia, plaintiffs may seek both compensatory and punitive damages in intentional tort cases.

If you believe you’re a victim of an intentional tort, Jackson Injury Firm can guide you through the legal process to hold the wrongdoer accountable.

Joint and Several Liability is when multiple defendants are each liable up to the full amount of the verdict.

This legal principle can play a significant role in personal injury cases, especially when multiple parties are at fault. In Georgia, “joint and several liability” dictates that if more than one party is responsible for causing an injury, any of the culpable parties can be held responsible for the entire amount of the damages, regardless of their individual share of fault. This ensures that the injured party is fully compensated, even if one of the at-fault parties can’t pay their share. However, nuances and reforms have modified its application over time, and it’s crucial to understand its current standing in Georgia’s legal landscape.

At Jackson Injury Firm, we navigate these complexities, ensuring our clients harness this doctrine effectively for their benefit.

Judgment – Judgement is a formal decision by a Court.

In the legal world, a judgment refers to the final decision or order given by a Court. For personal injury or wrongful death cases, this would occur after a Judge or Jury enters a Verdict which often indicates the amount of compensation the defendant or defendants are required to pay the plaintiff. Once a judgment is entered, it becomes legally binding, implying that parties involved must adhere to it. However, judgments can sometimes be appealed to a higher court if there are grounds for disagreement with the court’s decision.

With Jackson Injury Firm by your side, you have a partner that not only pursues favorable judgements but also defends them rigorously, ensuring they stand.

Jury is a group of people sworn to deliver a verdict in a trial.

A jury is a group of peers, selected from the general population, responsible for evaluating evidence, deliberating, and making a decision in a legal case. In Georgia, as in other states, juries are vital in determining both liability (who’s at fault) and damages (how much should be compensated) in personal injury cases. The selection process, known as “voir dire”, ensures an unbiased, impartial jury is chosen. It’s often essential for legal representatives to communicate complex issues clearly to the jury for a favorable outcome.

At Jackson Injury Firm, our experience has honed our ability to communicate persuasively and effectively to juries, ensuring our clients’ stories are heard and understood.

Jury Trial is a trial in which a jury decides the facts and verdict.

A jury trial is a legal proceeding where the jury, rather than the judge, takes on the responsibility of determining the facts of the case, the credibility of witnesses, and delivering a verdict. This process is foundational in the U.S. legal system, guaranteeing one’s peers rather than a single judge decide the case’s outcome. In personal injury cases, a jury trial is often sought when pre-trial negotiations don’t yield a satisfactory settlement.

Jackson Injury Firm has a rich history of representing clients in jury trials, armed with the skills and strategies to ensure the jury understands our client’s perspective and rights.

Lawsuit is a claim or dispute taken to court.

A lawsuit is a formal legal action initiated by a Plaintiff against a Defendant due to an alleged wrong. In the context of personal injury, it’s a claim filed to seek compensation for injuries and damages caused by the defendant’s negligence or intentional actions, which were a breach of a duty owed to the Plaintiff under the circumstances. While many cases are settled outside of court, some require a lawsuit to ensure the victim receives just compensation.

Jackson Injury Firm has extensive experience in filing and litigating lawsuits, ensuring our clients’ interests are ardently represented.

Liability is legal responsibility for one’s actions or omissions.

In the context of personal injury or wrongful death claims under Georgia law, liability refers to the legal responsibility one party (usually the defendant) has to another (typically the claimant or plaintiff) due to negligent or intentional actions that cause harm. Establishing liability is a foundational step in a personal injury claim. In Georgia, as in other jurisdictions, multiple factors can influence liability, including the state’s comparative negligence rules.

Jackson Injury Firm specializes in dissecting complex scenarios to pinpoint and prove liability, ensuring our clients obtain the justice they deserve.

Liability Insurance is insurance that protects against claims resulting from injuries and damage.

This type of insurance provides coverage for the policyholder in the event they are found legally responsible for damages inflicted on another person or property. Common forms in Georgia include automobile liability insurance and homeowners liability insurance. It’s often the primary source of compensation in many personal injury claims.

The Jackson Injury Firm is adept at navigating the intricacies of liability insurance claims, striving to maximize the compensation our clients receive.

Liability Insurance Coverage is the amount of potential compensation available under an insurance policy.

Refers specifically to the details and limitations within a liability insurance policy. This includes the coverage amounts, what types of injuries or damages are covered, and under what conditions the policy pays out.

Understanding the specifics of liability insurance coverage is paramount. Jackson Injury Firm ensures our clients fully comprehend their entitlements and rigorously advocates to obtain what’s justly due.

Liability Insurance Policy is a policy that covers claims of bodily injury or property damage.

Lien is a claim against property to secure a debt.

A lien is a legal claim or right against property or funds for payment of a debt or an amount owed. In personal injury cases, certain medical providers, health insurance companies, and other corporate or governmental entities might place a lien on a portion of the plaintiff’s settlement or award to ensure payment for services rendered or benefits paid or debts owed.

Navigating the waters of liens as they relate to personal injury or wrongful death cases in Georgia can be challenging. Jackson Injury Firm offers comprehensive guidance, ensuring our clients retain the maximum portion of their rightful compensation.

Litigation is the process of taking a case through court. This encompasses everything from the initial filing of a lawsuit to pre-trial motions, trial, and even appeals if necessary. Not every personal injury case goes to trial; many are resolved through negotiations or alternative dispute resolutions. However, when litigation becomes necessary, it’s essential to have an adept legal team in your corner.

Jackson Injury Firm takes pride in its robust litigation capabilities, standing steadfastly by our clients every step of the way.

Lost Wages – Earnings is income that one cannot earn because of an injury.

Compensation sought for the income a victim couldn’t earn due to their injuries. It can be calculated from the date of injury to the present and can also encompass future lost wages if the victim’s earning capacity is permanently affected.

Jackson Injury Firm meticulously assesses every financial facet of injury consequences, ensuring our clients are compensated for both immediate and future wage losses.

Loss of Capacity to Earn is reduced ability to earn income in the future due to a personal injury.

This goes beyond immediate lost wages. It considers the long-term financial impact of an injury on a victim’s ability to earn money in the future. For example, a professional athlete or musician might not only lose their current season’s earnings but might also lose their ability to perform (and thus earn) at the same level in the future.

The assessment of this loss is intricate. Jackson Injury Firm harnesses expert assessments and in-depth analyses to determine and claim this often substantial yet overlooked damage component.

Loss of Consortium refers to the deprivation of the benefits of a family relationship due to injuries caused by another’s wrongdoing. Typically, it encompasses the loss of companionship, affection, comfort, and sexual relations. In Georgia, spouses may have a separate right to file a claim for loss of consortium stemming from the harm inflicted upon their partner.

Recognizing the profound impact of injuries on family dynamics, Jackson Injury Firm diligently represents clients in seeking compensation for all aspects of their loss.

Mediation is a form of alternative dispute resolution where an impartial third party (mediator) facilitates a discussion between the conflicting parties to reach a mutually acceptable agreement. Mediation can be a cost-effective and faster alternative to litigation.

Jackson Injury Firm believes in exploring all avenues for resolution, including mediation, ensuring our clients’ interests are at the forefront of negotiations.

Med Pay (Medical Payments) is coverage in auto insurance policies that pays for medical expenses regardless of who’s at fault.

Med Pay, short for Medical Payments Coverage, is an optional auto insurance coverage in Georgia. It pays for medical expenses incurred due to a vehicular accident, regardless of who was at fault. Med Pay can be used to cover expenses such as doctor visits, hospital stays, surgeries, and other related treatments.

Clients should be aware that while Med Pay offers immediate assistance, it has limits. Jackson Injury Firm can help in maximizing other avenues for compensation if your medical bills exceed your Med Pay limits.

Medical Expert is a healthcare professional who offers specialist advice or testimony in legal cases.

A medical expert is a licensed medical professional who offers specialized knowledge and testimony based on their expertise. Their input can significantly influence the outcome of personal injury cases, especially those involving complicated injuries or medical malpractice.

At Jackson Injury Firm, we collaborate with credible medical experts who provide invaluable insights and testimonies, strengthening your claim and ensuring fair compensation.

Medical Lien is a claim by healthcare providers on personal injury settlements or judgments.

A medical lien is a claim or right to payment from a personal injury settlement or award. Medical providers in Georgia can place a lien on your settlement for the services they rendered if they weren’t paid at the time of service.

Navigating liens can be intricate, but the Jackson Injury Firm ensures our clients’ settlements are maximized after accounting for any medical liens.

Medical Malpractice occurs when a healthcare professional, hospital, or other health service provider causes injuries or death to a patient through a negligent act or omission. The negligence might be the result of errors in diagnosis, treatment, aftercare, or health management.

If you believe you or a loved one have been harmed due to medical malpractice, the Jackson Injury Firm can provide a comprehensive evaluation of your case and guide you through the complexities of Georgia’s malpractice laws.

Medical Providers is organizations or individuals that offer medical services.

Medical providers refer to institutions or professionals offering medical services. This includes EMS – Ambulance, hospitals, chiropractors, clinics, medical doctors, nurses, therapists, surgeons, neurologists, and other related professionals.

While their primary role is healing, in the context of a personal injury claim, accurate and timely documentation from medical providers can make a vast difference in the case’s outcome. Jackson Injury Firm works closely with these providers to ensure clients receive both optimal care and the necessary documentation.

Medical Treatment is the management and care of a patient to combat disease or disorder.

In personal injury cases, medical treatment documentation serves as concrete evidence of injuries and establishes the severity and extent of the harm suffered. Consistent and appropriate medical treatment is not only vital for recovery but also for validating claims in Georgia.

Jackson Injury Firm emphasizes the importance of thorough medical treatment and documentation to ensure our clients’ injuries are undeniable and adequately compensated.

Mitigate Damages (Mitigation) is the duty of victims to minimize the effects and costs of injuries or damages caused by breaches of duties by at-fault parties or Defendants.

In personal injury law, victims have a duty to mitigate or lessen their damages. This means taking reasonable steps to minimize the impact of injuries or losses, such as seeking timely medical treatment or following medical advice.

While victims are required to act reasonably, the Jackson Injury Firm ensures that their rights are protected and that they are not unfairly burdened with the responsibility for the consequences of another’s negligence.

Motion is a formal request made to a judge for an order or judgment. Motions are standard in personal injury lawsuits, where both sides may ask the court to rule or act on specific issues during the course of litigation.

With Jackson Injury Firm by your side, rest assured every motion filed or countered is meticulously crafted to further your case.

Motor Carrier is a company that transports goods or passengers via trucks or other motor vehicles.

In Georgia, a motor carrier refers to companies or individuals engaged in transporting goods or passengers via motor vehicles, especially over long distances. They are subject to specific state and federal regulations to ensure safety. When these regulations are breached, leading to accidents, victims have the right to seek compensation for damages and in some cases punitive damages and reimbursement of attorneys’ fees and case expenses.

Jackson Injury Firm is proficient in Georgia’s motor carrier laws and can adeptly handle claims arising from motor carrier negligence.

MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) is a technique to visualize internal structures of the body.

An MRI is a non-invasive imaging technique used to view organs, soft tissues, bone, spinal dics and other internal body structures. In personal injury cases, an MRI can provide crucial evidence of specific injuries, such as soft tissue damage or spinal cord or disc injuries such as bulges and herniations and other issues.

Armed with the detailed insights an MRI offers, Jackson Injury Firm bolsters your claim by presenting undeniable visual proof of your injuries through unrefutable medcal documentation, imaging, and expert testimony when necessary.

Negligence is the liability of an employer for an employee’s misconduct.

Employers in Georgia have an obligation to hire, train, and supervise employees in a manner that ensures the safety of others. Negligent hiring occurs when an employer hires an individual they either knew or should have known posed a risk. Similarly, negligent training and supervision refer to the failure to adequately train or supervise employees, leading to harm.

Employers can be held liable for the harmful actions of their employees under these principles. Jackson Injury Firm possesses the expertise to navigate these complex claims and seek rightful compensation.

Negligent Security is failing to provide adequate security measures leading to injury.

Property owners and managers in Georgia have a duty to provide adequate security to prevent foreseeable criminal acts. If they fail in this duty, and someone is injured or killed as a result of a crime on their property, they can be held liable. This applies to a variety of properties, from commercial establishments such as gas stations, stores, night clubs, and can also include residential apartments or housing complexes.

Victims of crimes due to negligent security can rely on Jackson Injury Firm to robustly champion their claims and pursue justice on their behalf.

Next of Kin is the closest family member(s) of someone who has died.

In Georgia legal terminology, “next of kin” refers to the closest living relatives of a deceased individual. Their order of priority, especially concerning inheritance when no will is present, typically begins with the spouse, children, parents, siblings, and then other relatives.

Next of kin might be entitled to bring wrongful death claims or make critical medical decisions. Jackson Injury Firm is sensitive to the challenges faced by next of kin and offers compassionate, effective legal guidance.

No-Fault is an insurance claim type where the insurer pays without determining fault.

Georgia is a “Fault” based system and not a “no-fault” state for auto insurance. In some  other states the term “no-fault” generally refers to a type of insurance claim where the insurer compensates the insured regardless of who was at fault for the accident. This ensures quick compensation without the need for lengthy fault determination processes, but can limit the ability for injured victims to recover full compensation.

However, it’s essential to understand your rights and options. Jackson Injury Firm helps clients navigate the intricate insurance landscape, ensuring they receive the compensation they deserve.

Occupational Disease refers to a disease or condition that arises due to exposures in the workplace. In Georgia, occupational diseases can be compensable under workers’ compensation if certain conditions are met. The disease must be directly caused by the nature of the job, and not an ordinary disease to which the general public is equally exposed.

Jackson Injury Firm is experienced in handling claims arising from occupational diseases, ensuring workers get the compensation they deserve.

Open Court is a resolution between disputing parties without a full trial.

A term indicating that court proceedings are being held in public and members of the community can attend. In Georgia, as in many states, the principle of open court is grounded in the idea of transparency in the judicial process.

If you are required to testify or present your case in open court, Jackson Injury Firm provides the support and preparation you need.

Out of Court Settlement is a resolution between disputing parties without a full trial.

An agreement reached between the disputing parties without the need for a court trial. In Georgia, many personal injury claims are resolved through out-of-court settlements. These can be quicker and less expensive than a full trial, but it’s essential to ensure the settlement amount adequately covers your damages.

Jackson Injury Firm adeptly negotiates with opposing parties to strive for the best possible settlement for our clients.

Owners – Ownership is in the context of personal injury or wrongful death claims, ownership often plays a pivotal role in determining responsibility and liability. In Georgia:

Vehicle Ownership: Owners of vehicles may be held liable for accidents caused by the drivers, especially if the owner knew the driver was reckless, unlicensed, or otherwise unfit. The principle behind this is to ensure that vehicle owners act responsibly in lending out their vehicles.

Company Ownership: Owners of companies might be held accountable for actions or neglect of their employees, especially if it’s proven that they failed to provide adequate training, or knowingly allowed unsafe conditions or practices to persist.

Property Ownership: Owners of properties have a duty to ensure their premises are safe for visitors or residents. This applies to both commercial properties, like stores or malls, and residential properties. If someone gets injured due to hazardous conditions, such as wet floors without warning signs, or a failure to provide adequate security measures, the property owner might be liable.

It’s essential for victims to understand the role of ownership in their claims. Jackson Injury Firm specializes in identifying and holding accountable the right parties, ensuring our clients receive the justice and compensation they deserve.

Pain and Suffering is an non-economic damages for physical and emotional distress.

Non-economic damages awarded in personal injury cases for the physical pain and emotional distress a victim endures due to an accident. While these damages don’t have a direct monetary value like medical bills, they compensate for the intangible hardships a victim faces, like sleepless nights, anxiety, or trauma. In Georgia, there’s no fixed standard for calculating this, but factors such as the severity of the injury, the extent of physical or emotional distress, and its impact on the victim’s daily life are considered.

If you or a loved one endured or are currently facing physical or emotional trauma after an accident that caused personal injury or wrongful death, Jackson Injury Firm is here to ensure you and your family receive just compensation for your pain and suffering.

Pedestrian Accident is an incident where a vehicle hits a person walking.

Occurs when an individual walking, running, jogging, or hiking is struck by a vehicle. Given the lack of protection, such accidents often result in severe injuries or even wrongful deaths. In Georgia, both drivers and pedestrians have specific duties to exercise care on the roads. Establishing liability can hinge on factors like right of way, visibility, and the actions of both parties.

Injured while walking, commuting, or exercising? Jackson Injury Firm has successfully represented numerous pedestrian accident victims. Reach out for a dedicated representation.

Personal Injury is an injury to the body, mind, or emotions, as opposed to property.

Refers to any harm suffered by an individual, be it physical, psychological, or emotional, resulting from another party’s negligence or intentional act. It differs from property damage, which pertains to tangible assets like cars or houses. Personal injury claims in Georgia are subject to a statute of limitations, usually two years from the date of the injury.

Personal injuries can change lives and affect families. Trust Jackson Injury Firm to handle your personal injury claim with care and expertise.

Personal Representative is someone who manages the legal affairs of another because of incapacity or death.

An individual appointed by the court to manage the affairs, especially the assets and liabilities, of another person due to incapacity or upon death. In the context of wrongful death lawsuits in Georgia, the personal representative can bring a claim on behalf of the deceased’s estate.

Navigating legal affairs for a loved one? Consult with Jackson Injury Firm for guidance and support.

Pip (Personal Injury Protection) is a type of insurance coverage for medical and funeral expenses.

An insurance coverage, often optional in Georgia, which pays for medical expenses and, in some cases, lost wages and other damages, regardless of who was at fault for the accident. It’s sometimes termed “no-fault” coverage.

Confused about PIP and what it covers? Jackson Injury Firm can clarify your coverage and help with your claim.

Plaintiff is the person who initiates a lawsuit.

The person or entity who brings forth a lawsuit against another in a court of law, seeking legal remedy for an alleged wrong.

If you’re considering initiating a claim or bringing a lawsuit, partner with Jackson Injury Firm for top-tier representation.

Pre-Suit Settlement is a resolution reached before a lawsuit is formally filed.

A resolution achieved through negotiations between parties before a formal lawsuit is filed. It’s a cost-effective method, saving time and resources that would be expended in court proceedings. A skilled attorney can often negotiate a fair settlement without the need to escalate the matter to court.

Aiming for a pre-suit settlement? Let Jackson Injury Firm negotiate for the best outcome on your behalf.

Process Server is a person who delivers legal documents.

An individual, often appointed by the court or hired by a party, responsible for delivering legal documents, ensuring due process. In Georgia, service of process rules must be strictly followed for a court to establish jurisdiction.

Need to file a lawsuit and serve legal documents? Jackson Injury Firm can guide you through the correct process.

Property Damage refers to harm or destruction to tangible items, personal items, vehicles, or real estate resulting from an accident or incident. In the context of personal injury claims in Georgia, property damage often relates to vehicle repairs or replacements after auto accidents. However, it can also encompass damage to homes, personal items, phones, computers, or other valuable assets. Victims can claim compensation for the repair or replacement cost, depreciation in the value of the property, and loss of use (like rental car costs during car repairs). It’s distinct from personal injury, which relates to harm to a person’s body, mind, or emotions. Establishing the cost of property damage often involves appraisals, repair estimates, or expert evaluations.

Dealing with property damage claims related to a personal injury or wrongful death accident? The Jackson Injury Firm is experienced in ensuring you get rightful compensation.

Punitive Damages is damages exceeding simple compensation and awarded to punish the defendant.

Damages awarded not just to compensate the victim but to punish the defendant for particularly reckless or malicious conduct and to deter such behavior in the future. In Georgia, there are caps on punitive damages in most personal injury cases, and clear and convincing evidence of the defendant’s willful misconduct, malice, fraud, or a high level of negligence is required.

Believe your case merits punitive damages? Consult with Jackson Injury Firm to evaluate its potential.

Quash is to nullify, void or declare invalid.

Refers to the act of annulling or making void. In legal proceedings, a motion to quash may be used to invalidate a previous decision or action, or to prevent certain evidence from being presented. For instance, an attorney might make a motion to quash a subpoena or even an alleged medical lien if they believe either was issued without proper legal basis.

Facing a legal decision or medical lien that you believe is unjust? Jackson Injury Firm can guide you on the potential to quash the decision.

Question of Fact is a disputed factual contention that is resolved by the jury.

Represents the disputable elements in a legal case that are strictly factual and not about the law’s interpretation. Questions of fact are determined by the jury in a jury trial or by the judge in a bench trial. These questions revolve around who, what, when, where, and how, as opposed to why (which is typically a question of law). For instance, in a car accident case, whether a driver ran a red light would be a question of fact.

Concerned about the questions of fact in your case? Seek clarity with Jackson Injury Firm’s expert team.

Quotient Verdict is an illegal jury agreement to attempt to award damages by averaging each juror’s suggested amount.

A controversial method wherein jurors come to a damage award by having each juror suggest an amount, summing up these amounts, and then dividing by the number of jurors to get an average. This method is illegal in many jurisdictions because it might not reflect a true consensus. Each juror is essentially making a blind estimate without the benefit of group deliberation. In some states, such as Georgia, quotient verdicts can be grounds for a mistrial if it’s shown that the jurors agreed in advance to be bound by the average.

Worried about how damages will be determined in your trial? Consult Jackson Injury Firm for experienced guidance on verdict processes.

Res Ipsa loquitur is a doctrine meaning “the thing speaks for itself.”

A legal doctrine applied in personal injury cases which translates to “the thing speaks for itself.” It’s invoked when the nature of the injury or accident is such that it wouldn’t have occurred without negligence, even if the specific act of negligence isn’t directly observed. For instance, if a person is walking by a construction site and a tool falls on them, even if no one saw how the tool fell, the fact that it did fall might be enough to infer negligence on the part of those overseeing the construction site. This doctrine essentially allows the plaintiff to establish a prima facie case of negligence without direct evidence of the defendant’s conduct.

Facing an accident where negligence seems apparent but hard to prove? Contact Jackson Injury Firm for guidance on how the doctrine of Res Ipsa Loquitur might apply.

Representation Agreement is a contract between attorney and client detailing the scope of representation.

Often termed a retainer agreement, it’s a written contract between an attorney and a client that outlines the legal services to be provided. This contract will specify the scope of the representation, fee structures (such as hourly, contingency fee, or flat fee), the responsibilities of both the attorney and the client, and other terms and conditions of the professional relationship. It’s crucial to have a clear representation agreement to avoid misunderstandings and ensure both parties know their rights and obligations.

Considering legal representation? Ensure you understand the terms. Schedule a consultation with Jackson Injury Firm to discuss a transparent and fair representation agreement.

Respondent Superior is Latin for “let the master answer,” this legal doctrine holds employers or principals legally responsible for the wrongful acts of their employees or agents, provided such acts occur within the scope of the employment or agency. For instance, if a delivery driver, while in the course of his employment, negligently causes a car accident, the company that employs the driver might be held liable for the damages resulting from the accident. The rationale behind this doctrine is that employers have the means to reduce accidents and injuries by properly training and supervising their employees, and they benefit from their employees’ actions, so they should also bear the associated risks.

Were you harmed due to an employee’s negligence? Jackson Injury Firm can help determine if an employer may be held accountable under the principle of Respondent Superior. Reach out for a case evaluation.

Scooter Accident is an incident involving a two-wheeled scooter vehicle.

In Georgia, scooter accidents are subject to the state’s traffic laws and regulations. Whether it’s an e-scooter or traditional one, operators and drivers must adhere to the rules of the road. If you’ve been involved in an accident due to someone else’s negligence, you may be entitled to compensation.

Involved in a scooter accident in Georgia? Jackson Injury Firm understands the intricacies of local laws and will ensure you receive the justice and compensation that you deserve.

Scope of Employment is an  activities performed by an employee as part of their job.

In Georgia, an employer can be held liable for the actions of an employee if those actions were within the “scope of employment.” This means activities performed by an employee that are in line with their job duties or in furtherance of the employer’s business.

Uncertain about an employment-related incident’s legal aspects? Reach out to Jackson Injury Firm for expert guidance.

Settlement is a resolution between disputing parties.

A voluntary resolution between disputing parties. In Georgia, many personal injury claims are resolved through settlements before reaching trial, offering a quicker and often less stressful resolution for the parties involved.

Looking for a seasoned negotiator to secure a favorable settlement in Georgia? Jackson Injury Firm is here to champion your cause.

Service of Process is delivering legal documents to a person involved in a lawsuit.

The act of delivering legal documents to a party in a lawsuit. In Georgia, certain rules and procedures must be followed to ensure the process is executed correctly.

Need assistance with serving legal documents in Georgia? Rely on Jackson Injury Firm’s experienced team.

Slip and Fall – Trip and Fall is injuries sustained from unexpected slipping or tripping.

In Georgia, property owners have a duty to keep their premises safe. If you’re injured due to a hazardous condition that the owner was aware of (or should have been aware of), you might have a valid claim.

Had a slip or trip in Georgia? Contact Jackson Injury Firm to understand your rights and potential remedies.

Sovereign Immunity/Governmental Immunity in Georgia is a doctrine that protects government entities from certain lawsuits.

In Georgia, this doctrine generally shields government entities from lawsuits, but there are exceptions. Navigating these waters requires understanding specific Georgia statutes and provisions.

Facing challenges in a case against a government entity in Georgia? Jackson Injury Firm’s expertise will guide you through.

Special Damages is compensation for specific, quantifiable monetary losses.

These are damages in Georgia that can be precisely calculated, like medical bills or lost wages. They differ from general damages, which are more subjective, like pain and suffering.

Ensure your financial losses in Georgia are fully accounted for. Jackson Injury Firm will meticulously calculate and advocate for your special damages.

Spousal Immunity is a doctrine that prevents spouses from suing each other.

This doctrine, historically used to prevent spouses from suing each other, has limited application in modern Georgia law.

Navigating family-related legal challenges in Georgia? Consult Jackson Injury Firm for clear insights and representation.

Statute of Limitations is a law which sets the maximum period to wait before filing a lawsuit.

In Georgia, personal injury claims generally have a two-year statute of limitations from the date of the injury. However, specifics can vary, making timely consultation crucial.

Concerned about time limits for your claim in Georgia? Don’t delay; reach out to Jackson Injury Firm now.

Subrogation is the right of an insurer to pursue a third party that caused an insurance loss.

In Georgia, when an insurance company compensates you for losses caused by a third party, they may have the right to recover those costs from the responsible party or their insurer.

Facing an insurance subrogation situation in Georgia? Trust Jackson Injury Firm to handle the complexities on your behalf.

Tort is a wrongful act leading to civil legal liability.

In Georgia, a tort is recognized as a wrongful act (other than a breach of contract) that leads to civil legal liability. It allows injured parties to seek compensation from those responsible.

Have you been harmed due to another’s negligence in Georgia? Jackson Injury Firm is well-versed in tort law and can help you seek justice.

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is a brain dysfunction caused by an external force.

A TBI is a severe injury caused by an external force, such as a blow to the head. In Georgia, those suffering from a TBI due to another’s negligence can seek compensation.

If you or a loved one experienced a traumatic brain injury in Georgia, Jackson Injury Firm will passionately advocate for the compensation you deserve.

Trail is a formal examination of evidence in court.

In Georgia, a trial is the formal judicial process where evidence is presented and evaluated by either a judge or a jury to determine the truth of a matter.

Facing a trial in Georgia? Let the experienced attorneys at Jackson Injury Firm guide and represent you every step of the way.

Uninsured Motorist Coverage (UM) and Underinsured Motorist Coverage (UIM) is Insurance is for damages caused by either an uninsured or unknown hit-and-run drivers often referred to as a John Doe driver.

In Georgia, UM insurance covers damages inflicted by drivers without insurance or in hit-and-run incidents. It’s a crucial protection for all drivers.

Hit by an uninsured, underinsured, or unknown hit and run driver in Georgia? Jackson Injury Firm can help ensure your UM UIM coverage is utilized to its fullest extent.

Underinsured Motorist Coverage (UIM) is Insurance for when the at-fault driver’s insurance is insufficient for the damages incurred.

State Minimum 25k Liab

Signed Selection Rejection Form

Unliquidated Damages is damages not predetermined in value.

In Georgia, these are damages that aren’t predetermined in value, often requiring evaluation and calculation, such as pain and suffering.

Unsure about the damages you’re entitled to in Georgia? Jackson Injury Firm will meticulously evaluate your claim.

Verdict is a decision on a case by a judge or jury.

This is the formal decision or finding made by a judge or jury in Georgia regarding a case presented in court.

Pursuing a verdict in Georgia? Lean on Jackson Injury Firm’s experience to help you understand and navigate the process.

Vicarious Liability is legally responsibility for the actions of another person.

In Georgia, this legal doctrine holds an individual or entity responsible for the actions of another, often seen in employer-employee relationships.

Dealing with a vicarious liability claim in Georgia? Jackson Injury Firm knows the intricacies and can provide expert guidance.

Waiver is a voluntary relinquishment of certain rights via legal documents.

A voluntary relinquishment of certain rights or privileges. In the legal context, this often refers to a party giving up a known right, claim, or privilege. In Georgia, these are often used in contractual agreements or before participating in potentially hazardous activities.

If you or a loved one signed a waiver in Georgia, and you are unsure if rights were waived but an accident or incident occurred and there is a serious need to still pursue a personal injury or wrongful death claim? The legal team at Jackson Injury Firm can provide clarity and assistance with such matters.

Wanton Behavior/Wantonness is reckless behavior without regard for others.

Behavior exhibited with reckless disregard for the safety or rights of others. This behavior goes beyond mere negligence and is often viewed more severely in legal contexts.

Victim of wanton behavior in Georgia? Jackson Injury Firm has the expertise to aggressively represent your interests.

Willful Misconduct is intentional wrongful behavior.

Behavior carried out with a deliberate intention to harm or with an utter disregard for the consequences.

If you believe you’re a victim of willful misconduct in Georgia, contact Jackson Injury Firm to explore your legal options.

Witness is an individual who has knowledge or evidence about a particular event or situation, often called upon to testify in court. In Georgia, witnesses play a crucial role in both civil and criminal cases, providing information to help judges and juries make informed decisions.

Do you have witnesses crucial to your personal injury case in Georgia? Jackson Injury Firm understands the significance of witness testimonies and will work diligently to ensure their statements are effectively presented.

Workers’ Compensation is a form of insurance that provides wage replacement and medical benefits to employees injured during the course of employment in exchange for the employee’s right to sue their employer for negligence. In Georgia, there are specific guidelines and requirements to qualify for such benefits.

Injured on the job in Georgia? Let Jackson Injury Firm help you navigate the complexities of workers’ compensation claims.

Wrongful Death is a death caused by negligence or other liability.

A legal claim that arises when a person dies due to the negligence or misconduct of another individual, entity, or organization. In Georgia, specific family members can seek compensation for their losses, including lost wages, medical expenses, and pain and suffering.

Did you lose a loved one due to another’s negligence in Georgia? The compassionate attorneys at Jackson Injury Firm are here to guide you through the challenging process of a wrongful death claim.

In Georgia, wrongful death claims are brought to seek compensation for the full value of the life of the deceased, which may include both economic and non-economic damages.

Facing the tragedy of a wrongful death in Georgia? The compassionate team at Jackson Injury Firm is here to guide and support you during this difficult time.

X-Ray is a diagnostic imaging technique using radiation to view the inside of objects.

A diagnostic imaging technique that uses electromagnetic radiation to capture images of structures inside the body, like bones and organs. In personal injury cases, x-rays can serve as evidence of injuries such as fractures or internal damage.

If you’ve undergone an x-ray after an accident and need legal advice on the implications for your claim in Georgia, reach out to Jackson Injury Firm.

Yield is to give way to other road users, often regulated by traffic signs.

A requirement, indicated by traffic signs or rules, for drivers to allow other road users to proceed before them. Failing to yield when required can result in accidents and potential legal consequences.

Were you involved in an accident because someone failed to yield? Jackson Injury Firm can assess your situation and help you understand your rights in Georgia.

Zealous Representation is an attorney’s ethical obligation to represent a client with vigor.

The ethical duty of an attorney to ardently and passionately represent their client’s interests while staying within the bounds of the law.

Seeking zealous representation for your case in Georgia? Jackson Injury Firm is dedicated to providing unwavering commitment to our clients.

Zone of Danger a legal doctrine recognized in certain states that identifies an area or circumstances wherein harm due to another’s negligence could reasonably be anticipated. However, Georgia does not adhere to the “Zone of Danger” concept. Instead, Georgia follows the “Impact Rule,” which generally requires a plaintiff to have suffered a physical impact to claim emotional distress resulting from a defendant’s negligence.

Is if you or a loved one has experienced severe emotional distress from another’s negligence in Georgia, comprehending the intricacies of the “Impact Rule” is essential. Consult with Jackson Injury Firm for expert guidance in this nuanced area of law in Georgia.

This glossary is only a starting point resource for prospective clients seeking clarity on Georgia’s legal jargon. At Jackson Injury Firm, we understand that these terms can be confusing, and we’re here to help. If you or a loved one has been affected by personal injury or wrongful death in Georgia, don’t hesitate to reach out. Our team is ready to provide zealous representation and ensure that your rights are protected.

Knowledge is your strongest ally. When faced with personal injury or wrongful death situations in Georgia, lean on the expertise of Jackson Injury Firm. We’ll guide you through every step with dedication and commitment. **Take action now** and secure justice with us by your side.

This glossary is intended for informational purposes and does not replace professional legal representation and advice. Unless you have signed a representation agreement with Jackson Injury Firm LLC, then this firm does not represent you, and you are encouraged to seek out and retain counsel if you so choose.

Need More Clarity?

If you come across a term that isn’t in our glossary, or you need further clarification on anything related to a potential personal injury or wrongful death term or claim, do not hesitate for another minute and reach out to our team at Jackson Injury Firm for clear, concise, and personal guidance. We’re here to support and guide you every step of the way. Jackson Injury Firm believes in keeping its clients as well as any potential clients as informed and confident as possible. Reach out to our team today!

Get Expert Guidance and Empower Yourself with Knowledge!

Facing a personal injury or wrongful death lawsuit? Knowledge is power in life. And knowledge and information are powerful tools in the realm of personal injury and wrongful death cases. Dive deeper into our resources. Remember that Jackson Injury Firm is here to stand by your side, offering expert guidance every step of the way. Let Jackson Injury Firm arm you with the insights and expertise you need. Get in touch today for a free consultation, and let us guide you toward justice and a brighter future.

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